Reconnect the excavator

  • (PDF) Structure of the human clamp loader bound to the

    polymerases. Thus, the clamp loader is an ATP-dependent protein-remodeling switch (31). Significance DNA replication and repair depend on AAA+ ATPase protein complexes called clamp loaders that open and load ring-shaped sliding clamps onto DNA. Using cryogenic electron microscopy, we determined the first structure of the human clamp loader

    Learn More
  • Human DNA polymerase delta is a pentameric holoenzyme …

    smallest subunit of Polδ is evolutionarily conserved as Cdm1 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe also dimerizes. Thus, we suggest that human Polδ is a pentameric complex with a dimeric p12 subunit, and discuss implications of p12 dimerization in enzyme architecture and …

    Learn More
  • Replication Clamps and Clamp Loaders

    Aug 01, 2001 · The eukaryotic RFC is a complex consisting of one large and four small subunits. We have determined the crystal structure of the clamp loader small subunit (RFCS) from Pyrococcus furiosus. The six subunits, of which four bind ADP in their canonical nucleotide binding clefts, assemble into a dimer of semicircular trimers.

    Learn More
  • Structure of the human clamp loader reveals an

    Scheme of clamp loader function. (a) The structures of the E. coli β and human PCNA sliding clamps (PDB: 2POL and PDB: AXC, respectively).(b) Schematic of clamp loader function using eukaryotic RFC and PCNA as the example.ATP binding to RFC enables RFC to bind and open PCNA. In the presence of a primed template, RFC places PCNA onto DNA and then hydrolyzes ATP to eject from the PCNA-DNA

    Learn More
  • The PCNA-RFC families of DNA clamps and clamp loaders

    The sliding clamp needs to be actively opened and installed onto DNA by a clamp loader ATPase of the AAA+ family. The human clamp loader Replication Factor C (RFC) and sliding clamp PCNA are both

    Learn More
  • Structure of the human clamp loader bound to the sliding

    Sep 22, 2020 · Human clamp loader (hRFC) composition and function. ( A ) hRFC consists of five different AAA+ ATPase subunits, named A to E. Each subunit consists of an ATPase module and a …

    Learn More
  • Motors and switches: AAA+ machines within the replisome

    Clamp loaders from bacteriophage T4, archaea and eukaryotes also contain five subunits, although the composition of the complex varies between different classes of organism.

    Learn More
  • ENZYMOLOGY - Jiwaji University

    βsubunit is in the shape of a ring It is termed the clamp protein γsubunit is needed for βto initially clamp onto the DNA It is termed the clamp-loader protein δ, δ' and y subunits are needed for the optimal function of the a and b subunits DNA Polymerase III is a Processive Enzyme 3/27/2020 35

    Learn More
  • The RFC Clamp Loader: Structure and Function

    Jul 07, 2012 · Up to12%cash back · The eukaryotic RFC clamp loader couples the energy of ATP hydrolysis to open and close the circular PCNA sliding clamp onto primed sites for use by DNA polymerases and repair factors. Structural studies reveal clamp loaders to be heteropentamers. Each subunit contains a region of homology to AAA+ proteins that defines two domains.

    Learn More
  • ( A ) RFC small-subunit apo-protein hexamer viewed from

    Determination of the subunit composition and previous mutational analysis allowed the prediction of the spatial distribution of subunits in this new member of the clamp loader family. Three RFCS1

    Learn More
  • How a DNA Polymerase Clamp Loader Opens a Sliding Clamp

    The dimeric ring-shaped sliding clamp of E. coli DNA polymerase III (beta subunit, homolog of eukaryotic PCNA) is loaded onto DNA by the clamp loader gamma complex (homolog of eukaryotic

    Learn More
  • Structure of the human clamp loader bound to the …

    Feb 18, 2020 · In order to visualize how the clamp loader interacts with the sliding clamp, we formed a complex of hRFC with PCNA and the Figure 1. Human clamp loader (hRFC) composition and function. (A) hRFC consists of five different AAA+ ATPase subunits, named A to E. Each subunit consists of an ATPase module and a collar domain.

    Learn More
  • Replicative DNA Polymerases

    the carboxy-terminal domain of the t subunit of the clamp loader. Because the clamp loader contains two (or three) t subunits, at least two a1u cores are maintained in the replicase com-plex, one each for leading- and lagging-strand synthesis. The 1 subunit has a globular amino-ter-minal exonuclease domain (residues 7–180), E. Johansson and N

    Learn More
  • Structure of the human clamp loader bound to the …

    Feb 18, 2020 · Subunit composition and function of the human clamp loader (hRFC). (A) hRFC consists of five different AAA+ ATPase subunits that are named A to E …

    Learn More
  • THE J BIOLOGICAL C © 2003 by The American Society for

    gation but are not essential to the clamp loading activity of complex (12–14). Biochemical studies of complex (15–17), combined with crystal structures of 3 (10) and - 1 complex (18, 19), reveal a highly detailed view of 3 clamp loader form and function. The five subunits of the 3 complex are arranged in a circular formation (see Fig. 1

    Learn More
  • Clamp Loader ATPases and the Evolution of DNA Replication

    Composition of clamp loaders from the different branches of life. (a) Bacterial clamp loaders consist of three different proteins: δ, δ', and the τ or γ protein (γ, a truncation of the τ protein, is shown here). The δ protein is at the A position, with three copies of the ATPase subunits τ or γ at the B, C and D positions.

    Learn More
  • MutSα maintains the mismatch repair capability by

    Jul 12, 2016 · The reconstituted human Chl12-RFC complex functions as a second PCNA loader. Genes to Cells : Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms. 2004; 9 :279–290. doi: 10.1111/j.1356-9597.2004.00724.x.

    Learn More
  • CELLULAR DNA REPLICASES: Components and Dynamics at the

    Jul 07, 2005 · The heteropentameric clamp loaders are circular oligomers, reflecting the circular shape of their respective clamp substrates. Clamps and clamp loaders also function in other DNA metabolic processes, including repair, checkpoint mechanisms, and cell cycle progression. Twin polymerases and clamps coordinate their actions with a clamp loader and

    Learn More
  • The RFC Clamp Loader: Structure and Function | …

    (C) Stylized images of the clamp loaders from bacteria (γ complex), eukaryotes (RFC), bacteriophage T4 (gp44/62), and archaea (RFC). The positions of the five subunits of each clamp loader complex are denoted by the letters A–E, with analogous subunits indicated by matching colors.

    Learn More
  • Crystal Structure of the δ′ Subunit of the Clamp-Loader

    The crystal structure of the δ′ subunit of the clamp-loader complex of E. coli DNA polymerase III has been determined. Three consecutive domains in the structure are arranged in a C-shaped architecture. The N-terminal domain contains a nonfunctional nucleotide binding site. The catalytic component of the clamp-loader complex is the γ subunit, which is homologous to δ′. A sequence

    Learn More